Il Trovatore premiered in 1853 at the Apollo Theater in Rome, and its success was immediate. As musicologist Julian Budden wrote: “With no other work, not even Nabucco, has Verdi touched the heart of his public to the same extent.” In fact, alongside Rigoletto and La Traviata (which compose his “popular trilogy”), Il Trovatore is a composition placed in the pantheon of Giuseppe Verdi’s Golden Age. And yet, during the writing of his masterpieces, problems were still arising, starting with the death of his librettist Salvadore Cammarano in 1852, who was later replaced by Leone Emanuele Bardare. Inspired by the drama by Antonio García Gutiérrez El Trovador, the complex plot of Verdi’s Il Trovatore takes place in the 15th century in a fairytale-like version of the Spanish provinces of Biscay and Aragon, where witches, troubadours, gypsies, and princesses give life to one of the most popular operas ever written.
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medici.tv is the best online platform for streaming Verdi’s Il Trovatore live, on replay or VOD, offering you a virtual ticket to the most exciting concerts with the world’s best artists and orchestras captured in HD video. In Greek and Roman theater, there exists a conventional structure called “anagnorisis,” or the “scene of the recognition,” according to modern narratologist experts. You can find many examples of this codified scene in productions by Menander and Terence. Moreover, the narrative scheme of Il Trovatore shares certain features with one of Terence’s comedies Adelphoe (or Brothers), except that in Verdi’s opera, the scene of recognition leads to a tragic end…
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The most intriguing character of Verdi’s opera Il Trovatore is without doubt the gypsy Azucena. It is not accidental that Verdi declared: “it is a key role, it is the key role.” Having lost her mother as a result of the Count of Luna’s decree, sending her to the stake under the charge of witchcraft, she plots her revenge: pretending to have thrown her enemy’s son into the fire, she secretly raises him as her own. The truth comes out in the last act and Azucena, the real heroine of Verdi’s Il Trovatore, shows all her tragic grandeur. Not only does she prophecies her revenge like a real witch, but she sacrifices her own life to achieve her goal. Watch out, you have fallen into Azucena’s trap! On medici.tv, come and discover some of the best interpretations of Giuseppe Verdi’s Il Trovatore.