Verdi's Il Trovatore

Hugo de Ana (stage director), Riccardo Muti (conductor) – With Barbara Frittoli (Leonora), Violeta Urmana (Azucena), Salvatore Licitra (Manrico) – Teatro alla Scala

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Hugo de Ana — Stage director, set designer, costume designer

Sergio Rossi — Lighting

Leda Lojodice — Choreographer

Coro e Orchestra del Teatro alla Scala

Leo Nucci — The count of Luna

Roberto Gabbiani — Chorus master

Barbara Frittoli — Leonora

Riccardo Muti — Conductor

Violeta Urmana — Azucena

Salvatore Licitra — Manrico

Giorgio Giuseppini — Ferrando

Tiziana Tramonti — Ines

Ernesto Gavazzi — Ruiz

Ernesto Panariello — An old Gypsy

Francesco Biasi — A messenger

Program notes

Riccardo Muti conducts an outstanding cast in a memorable Il Trovatore.

In 2001, the centenary of Verdi's death was commemorated around the world, especially in the composer’s homeland, Italy, where he died on January 27th 1901. La Scala in Milan, where many of Verdi’s greatest works were premiered, marked the anniversary by presenting a new production of Il Trovatore, even though it was first performed in January 1853 in Rome and not in Milan.

Riccardo Muti, who was Musical Director of La Scala at the time, chose a new critical version of the score, close to the composer's original vision. This version, which was controversial at the time, contributed to interest the performance in which the orchestra plays a key role. Muti provides a rendition of the opera that is full of energy. Like a painting that has regained its colours after having been restored, the opera sounded revitalized.

In the principal roles, Barbara Fritolli, Leo Nucci, Violetta Urmana and Salvatore Licitra (Toscanini said that to succeed in Il Trovatore, all that was needed was four good singers) are equal to the conductor's ambitions. The stage production by Hugo de Ana, which plays with shadows and obscurity, transports the audience into a visually ambitious dreamlike world.

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