Rostropovich and Oistrakh: The War of the Titans in the Double Concerto by Brahms.
These legends of Russian music, that the Soviet regime jealously kept prisoner for so long, are brought together for a legendary concert: Mstislav Rostropovich and David Oistrakh play the Double Concerto for Violin and Cello by Brahms under the direction of Kirill Kondrashin, another legend. Although the cellist and violinist both feature in the pantheon of musicians, their paths crossed before separating again when Rostropovich left the USSR in 1974. David Oistrakh, unlike his friend Rostropovich, remained in his country at the cost of much harassment.
Mstislav Rostropovich was born in Azerbaijan, in 1927. His mother taught him the piano and his father the cello. At the Moscow Conservatory he studies the piano, the cello, conducting and composition (his teacher is Shostakovich). He plays his first concert at fifteen, wins First Prize at the Moscow General competition and in the Prague and Budapest competitions in 1947 and 1949. In 1955, he marries Galina Vishnyevskaya, a soprano at the Bolshoi. He embarks on a dazzling career until it was halted by his death in 2007.
The most fabulous violinist of the 20th century was born in Odessa in 1908. He started to work on the violin with Piotr Stolyarski, who also taught Nathan Milstein and later Oistrakh's own son Igor. From his first recital, at sixteen in Odessa, a rumor spreads throughout the USSR and beyond, that there is a violinist who plays like no one else, whose name is David Oistrakh… In 1937, he won the First Prize at the Eugène Ysaÿe competition in Belgium, which opened many doors for him. Then began a splendid career which is confined to the USSR for a long time: taken hostage, he will be authorized to travel abroad only after the death of Stalin. David Oistrakh's lived until 1974, when he died while in Amsterdam.
For these two artists, brought together in 1965 at the Royal Albert Hall in London with the Moscow Philharmonic, Brahms is more than just a common language. All three have already played his music elsewhere. As for Rostropovich and Oistrakh, they recorded the Double Concerto, but with another conductor, George Szell and another orchestra, the Cleveland Orchestra (EMI). Thanks to their unfaltering virtuosity and the prodigious intensity of their sonority, the two performers who are playing as equals give a thrilling rendition of this score.
We then hear King David in Brahms' Violin Concerto which he recorded many times, and namely with Kondrashin. But here in London in 1958, it is with the BBC Symphonic Orchestra under the direction of Rudolf Schwartz, that we hear him in the finale, playing an allegro giocoso performed at an amazing tempo.
"Like father like son." It is easy to believe when listening to the second movement of Prokofiev's Sonata for Two Violins recorded in a studio of Le Chant du Monde in Paris in 1961 by David and Igor Oistrakh. Working closely together, the soloists' virtuosity triumphs in this perilous allegro.
Moscow Radio Symphony Orchestra, Gennadi Rozhdestvensky
Orchestre de chambre de la RTF, Pierre Capdevielle