Mariinsky Orchestra

Biography

The Mariinsky Theatre Symphony Orchestra is one of the oldest in Russia. Its history dates back to the first orchestra of the St Petersburg Imperial Orchestra, covering a period of over two hundred years.

In the distant past, the orchestra of the Board of Imperial Theatres emerged and developed its activities under two conductors. The first of them was composer Caterino Cavos (from 1803 Principal Conductor of the Russian Opera Theatre and, from 1832, Director of the Imperial Theatres' Orchestras). As head of the ensemble, Cavos conducted not just premieres of his own numerous operas, but was musical director of productions of Mikhail Glinka's opera A Life for the Tsar. Moreover, he was involved in the Russian premieres of operas by foreign composers - Cimarosa's Horatii and Curiatii (1815), Weber's Der Freischütz (1824), Bellini's I Capuleti e i Montecchi and Rossini's Semiramide (1835) and Le Comte Ory (1838) among others.

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Mariinsky Orchestra

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