Johann Sebastian Bach
Born March 21, 1685 in Eisenach (Germany). Died July 28, 1750 in Leipzig (Germany).
Bach, one of the greatest composers in the history of music, left an incomparable work of perfection. With more than three hundred cantatas, his music commands veneration and admiration. His genius dominates Western music, his structured mind was of a prophetic nature and his sacred and secular music asserted his nobility. Orphaned at the age of ten, the composer received a solid education and met the greatest composers of his generation.
Bach’s career blossomed from 1708 onwards when he became the music master at the Weimar Court and came to a brilliant end as the Cantor of Leipzig from 1723 to 1750. Organist, composer and teacher, Bach devoted his life to teaching and composition. All his music aimed to be uplifting. Whether it was pedagogical books for his pupils or cantatas for the faithful, the cantor’s work was the keystone of European musical history.
His rigorous counterpoint, daring harmonies and enchanting ornamental melodies nowadays make Bach’s work universal. His rhythmic energy is implacable and his sense of dialogue incomparable. Impassioned by Italian eloquence, he wrote a series of concertos and transcriptions. Racked by his Lutheran faith, he gave an essential contribution to sacred music with some of his cantatas or his edifying Mass in B. Played throughout the centuries to follow, Mozart sight-read him, Mendelssohn established him in the Germany of the Romantics, Busoni transcribed him for the piano, Bach still remains a reference. The timeless composer now belongs to the patrimony of humanity.