Born Jan. 28, 1887 in Lodz (Poland). Died Dec. 20, 1982 in Geneva (Switzerland).
One of the greatest pianists of the 20th century, Rubinstein was gifted enough to recognize the technical shortcomings of his extrovert, youthful playing, and to re-learn his repertoire in mid-life, adding control and discipline to the natural flair that had made his reputation. Linked to the 19th-century Romantics through his champion Joseph Joachim, he nevertheless established a modern, clean-cut and unaffected style of pianism, while, in the music of Brahms and Chopin in particular, retaining a warmth of tone and manner. As well as his solo appearances, he gave frequent chamber music recitals and continued to perform in public until the age of nearly ninety.
- 1897: Sent to Berlin for studies with Heinrich Barth (piano) and Robert Kahn and Max Bruch (music theory) in Berlin.
- 1900: Début in Berlin with Mozart’s Piano Concerto, K. 488, with Joachim conducting.
- 1903: Studies briefly in Switzerland with Paderewski.
- 1904: Début in Paris playing the Saint-Saëns Second Piano Concerto, to be his showpiece during his lifetime.
- 1906: Début tour across the USA, to less than enthusiastic reviews.
- 1914–18: Works as a military musician during the First World War.
- 1916–17: Tours Spain and South America, and discovers what becomes a lifelong love of the music of Falla, Granados, Albéniz and Villa-Lobos.
- 1932–37: Withdraws to refine his technique and re-learn his repertoire.
- 1946: Becomes an American.
- 1950–70s: Continues to perform with astonishing energy; plays chamber music with many leading musicians, such as Heifetz, Szeryng and the Guarneri String Quartet.
- 1974: The Arthur Rubinstein International Piano Master Competition is founded in Tel Aviv.
- 1976: Retires from the concert stage; is awarded the United States’ Medal of Freedom.
- 1980: My Many Years, the second part of his autobiography, is published (after My Young Years in 1973).
- 1994: Awarded posthumously a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award, having already won ten Grammys during his life.
- 1999: His complete authorized recordings are published – on 94 CDs.